|1Department of Physiology, Sewakunj MIMS Medical College & Research Centre, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India, 2Department of Anatomy, Index Medical College Hospital & Research Centre, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
|Introduction:Obesity is usually defined according to body mass index (BMI) cut-offs. However, BMI cannot provide information on the distribution of body fat. Central obesity, as assessed by waist circumference (WC), is more strongly associated with the risk of hypertension, dyslipidaemia, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and all-cause mortality.
To identify the existence of general and central obesity by anthropometric measurements and to compare anthropometric parameters in the control and prediabetic subjects.
Material and Method:
The present study was conducted in the department of Physiology Gandhi Medical College and associated Hamidia Hospital Bhopal, during 2010 – 2011. The Fasting Blood sugar, Lipid Profile and Fasting Insulin Biochemical investigation was done in the department of Biochemistry of the institute. The anthropometric measurement including Weight (kg), Height (cm), Body mass index (kg/m2), Waist circumference (cm), Hip circumference (cm), Waist Hip ratio. was recorded.
The 120 subjects aged 30-60, maximum numbers of Prediabetic were in the age group of 40-50 years. In the control group 66% women as compared to the men 32%, In prediabetic group 72% subjects were showed general obesity, central adiposity was identified in 84%. It was observed that body mass index and waist circumference were significantly higher in prediabetic subject.
This study has important implications for identification of subjects at higher risk for future type 2 diabetes and suggested that mass screening of prediabetic subjects and aggressive risk modification and close follow-up should be considered for prediabetic subjects with metabolic syndrome.